Comparative analysis of Healthcare Budget and Infrastructure of select Indian States

Research was undertaken in six major Indian states, i.e., Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh with regards to the state budgetary allocation for healthcare and related infrastructure. The analysis revealed that while Rajasthan had the distinction of allocating the highest proportion of its budget funds for health care, Punjab had done the least. There was no correlation between the state health budget and the size of the state. There is a dire need for Chhattisgarh and Bihar to build hospitals in proportion to their population. The physical spread (distance) of the hospitals is a cause of concern for Bihar. Adequate number of beds in hospitals in the proportion to state population was again a cause of anxiety for Bihar. The states of Bihar, Chhattisgarh and Rajasthan did not have even one hospital in each of their districts. Uttar Pradesh had the distinction of having the maximum number of seats in medical colleges; however, when compared to the quantum of its population, more medical colleges were required in the state. To conclude, it was seen that amongst the six states analysed, Rajasthan was the best prepared, and Madhya Pradesh the least to handle any pandemic outbreaks.

Source: Malhotra Rakesh and Gupta Narayani, International Journal of Research in Engineering, Science and Management Volume-3, Issue-5, May-2020 | ISSN (Online): 2581-5792. Pp:212-216

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